Aluminum plate, it is to point to made of pure aluminum or aluminum alloy materials through pressure processing (cutting or cutting) for cross section as the rectangular, even thickness rectangular material. International habits above 0.2 mm, the thickness of 500 mm, 200 mm width, length less than 16 m aluminum material as aluminum plate or aluminium material, 0.2 mm for aluminum foil material below, within 200 mm width of row materials or bar (of course with the progress of large equipment, the most can do 600 mm wide is row material).
Alloy composition points often have several kinds of aluminum sheet:
1. High purity aluminum plate rolling (by the content above 99.9 high purity aluminum) pure aluminum plate (ingredients made from pure aluminium rolling)
2. Aluminum alloy (composed of aluminum alloy and auxiliary, usually with aluminum and copper, aluminum, manganese, aluminum, silicon, aluminum, magnesium, etc) or compound aluminum brazing plate (through a variety of means of material compound special use aluminum material)
3. Package aluminum aluminum (aluminum coated aluminium sheet used for special purposes) outside to sheet thickness (mm) 0.15 2.0 conventional plate 2.0 6.0 6.0 25.0 the plate plate above 25-200 super thick plate 200
11,The aerospace and military aspects, such as China's current big aircraft manufacturing, the shenzhou spacecraft series, satellites, etc.
The classification of the aluminum plate and USES:
According to different alloy element content in aluminum sheet can be divided into eight series, respectively is 1 * * * * * *, * * * * * * 2, 3 * * *, * * *. 4. 5 * * * * * * 6 *. * * 7 * * * * * *. * * * * * *
According to different processing technology and can be divided into cold rolled and hot rolled.
According to the thickness of the different can be divided into thin plate and thick plate. GB/T3880-2006 standard stipulated in the thickness of 0.2 mm the following referred to as the aluminum foil.
Brands that are widely used in the:
Pure aluminum plate, strip, 1060. The foil. Tube plate, drawing. Squeeze the tube. Type. Great. Cold working rod is mainly used for corrosion resistance and higher formability, but parts of strength requirement is not high, such as chemical equipment, Marine equipment, railway tanker, conductive material, instruments and meters, electrode, etc.
3003: plate and strip. The foil. Thick plate. Stretch pipe. Squeeze the tube. Type. Great. Wire rod. Cold working steel bars, cold wire, rivet wire, forging, heat sink materials. Mainly used for processing need good formability, high corrosion resistance, or solderability good parts, or requires both the performance and need to 1 * * * * * * series alloy high strength of the workpiece, such as transportation of the liquid tank and tank, pressure tank, storage device, heat exchanger, chemical equipment, airplane oil tank, oil pipe, reflector, kitchen equipment, washing cylinder, rivet and soldering wire.
Aluminium alloy 3003: plate, thick plate, drawing tube. Extruded tube building partition, roof, pipe and so on
3004: plate, thick plate, drawing tube. Squeeze the tube can be used as long as the whole aluminum cans tanks, demanded higher than 3003 alloy parts, chemical products production and storage equipment, plate processing, construction, cable pipes, drains, lamps and lanterns of various components.
Package of aluminum alloy 3004: plate, thick plate is mainly used for building partition, baffle, sewage, industrial factory building roof
5052: plate, plate, foil, tube drawing and cold working bar, cold wire, rivet wire, the alloy has good processing performance, corrosion resistance, weldability, fatigue strength, medium static strength, used in the manufacture of aircraft fuel tank, oil pipe, and transportation vehicles, ships of sheet metal parts, instrument, lamps bracket and rivet wire etc.
6061: plate, thick material, drawing tube. Extrusion tube, rod, profiles, wires, tubes, profiles rolling or extrusion structure, cold working steel bars, cold wire, rivet wire, forgings. Request has the certain strength, corrosion resistance, high weldability of all kinds of industrial structures, such as manufacturing truck, tower building, vessel, trolley, railway vehicle, furniture etc in tube, rod, profiles.
Aluminum plate type of classification:
According to the aluminum sheet contains metal elements, aluminum plate probably can be divided into nine categories, namely can divide 9 series, gradually introduce about below
1,1000 series represents 1050, 1060, 1070, 1000 is also known as pure aluminum plate, aluminum plate in all series, 1000 series belong to the aluminum content of more than one series. Purity can reach more than 99.00%. Because do not contain other technical elements, so the production process is a single, the price is relatively cheap, which is one of the most commonly used in conventional industry series. Circulate on the market at present most of the 1050 and 1060 series. 1000 series aluminium plate according to the last two digits to determine the range of low aluminium content, such as series 1050, the last two digits for 50, according to the principles of brand naming, aluminum content must be above 99.5% for qualified products. Aluminum alloy technology in our country standard (gB/T3880-2006) also make clear a regulation in 1050 99.5% aluminum content in the same way 1060 series aluminum plate aluminum content must be above 99.6%.
2, 2000 series aluminium plate 2 a16 (LY16) 2 a12 (LY12) 2 a06 (LY6) 2000 series of aluminum plate is characterized by high hardness, among them with copper content is highest, will be about 3-5%. 2000 series aluminium plate belongs to aviation aluminum, now not often used in the conventional industry. Manufacturer of the 2000 series aluminum is less in our country at present. Quality cannot be compared with the abroad. Currently imported aluminum production enterprises mainly by South Korea and Germany. With the development of aerospace undertaking in our country, the 2000 series of aluminum sheet production technology will be further improved.
3, series 3000, 3003, 3003, 3 a21 aluminum representative is given priority to. And 3000 series aluminum plate production technology in China could be called antirust aluminum plate is relatively good. 3000 series aluminum plate is made up of manganese element as the main ingredient. Content is between 1.0 to 1.5. Is a good series of anti-rust function. Routine application in air conditioning, refrigerator, car, etc in damp environment, price is higher than 1000 series, alloy series is a more commonly used.
4, 4000 series of aluminum plate represents 4 a01 4000 series aluminium plate belongs to the high silicon content. Usually between 4.5 6.0% silicon content. Belongs to building materials, machinery parts, forged material, welding material; Low melting point, good corrosion resistance products description: has the characteristics of heat-resisting, wear-resisting.
5, the 5000 series representative 5052.5005.5083.5 A05 series. Belong to the more commonly used 5000 series aluminum alloy aluminum series, the main elements for magnesium, magnesium content between 3-5%. Can be also known as aluminum and magnesium alloys. Key features is low density, high tensile strength, elongation rate is high. Under the same area the weight of the aluminum magnesium alloy is lower than other series. Reason often used in aviation, such as aircraft fuel tank. Are widely used in the conventional industry. Processing technology for continuous casting and rolling, belongs to the series of hot rolled aluminum plate oxidation processing can be done. 5000 series aluminium plate in our country belongs to the series of aluminum plate is relatively mature.
6, 6000 series represents 6061 mainly contain two elements magnesium and silicon, it focuses on the advantages of 4000 series and 5000 series, 6061 is a kind of cold treatment of aluminium forging products, applicable to against corrosion, oxidation demanding applications. Good workability, good interface characteristics, easy to coating, good workability. Can be used for low pressure connector on weapons and aircraft.
6061 general characteristics: excellent interface characteristics, easy to coating, high strength, good workability, strong corrosion resistance.
Typical USES: 6061 aluminum aircraft parts, camera parts, coupler, ship fittings and hardware, electronic accessories and fittings, decorative or various hardware, hinges, head, head, brake piston, hydraulic piston, electrical accessories, valve and valve parts.
7, the 7000 series, 7075 main contain zinc. Also belong to aircraft series, is copper alloy, aluminum, magnesium, zinc is heat treatable alloys, belongs to hard aluminum alloy, have good wear resistance. 7075 aluminum plate is by eliminating stress, not deformation, warping after processing. All super ultra thick 7075 aluminum plate by ultrasonic detection, can guarantee without sand holes, impurities. 7075 aluminum plate thermal conductivity is high, can shorten the molding time, improve work efficiency. Main features are high hardness 7075 is a high hardness, high strength aluminum alloy, is often used in the manufacture of aircraft structures and futures. It requires high strength, high corrosion resistance strong stress structure, die manufacturing. At present basic rely on imports, the production process needs to be improved. (my company has a foreign companies homebred 7075 aluminum annealing uneven, aluminum plate surface and internal hardness inconsistent problems)
8, the 8000 series is relatively commonly used for 8011 belong to other series. My memory is the cap as the main function of the aluminum plate, also used in radiator, most of the applications for aluminum foil. Less commonly used.
9, 9000 series belongs to alternate series , now science and technology so developed, in order to deal with in order to contain other alloying elements of aluminium plate, international federation of aluminum belt, show that alternate series, 9000 series for waiting for another new varieties appear to fill the blank of the 9000 series.
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